Category Archives: Python

How to use Python Decorators

Decorators are handy sugars for Python programmers to shorten things and provides more concise programming.

For instance you can use decorators for user authentication for your REST API servers. Assume that, you need to auth. the user for before each REST calls. Instead of appending the same procedure to each call function, it is better to define decorator and tagging it onto your call functions.

Let's see the small example below. I hope it is self-descriptive.


"""
How to use Decorators:

Decorators are functions called by annotations
Annotations are the tags prefixed by @
"""

### Decorator functions ###
def helloSpace(target_func):
def new_func():
print "Hello Space!"
target_func()
return new_func

def helloCosmos(target_func):
def  new_func():
print "Hello Cosmos!"
target_func()
return new_func


@helloCosmos # annotation
@helloSpace # annotation
def hello():
print "Hello World!"

### Above code is equivalent to these lines
# hello = helloSpace(hello)
# hello = helloCosmos(hello)

### Let's Try
hello()

 

Some Useful Machine Learning Libraries.

Especially, with the advent of many different and intricate Machine Learning algorithms, it is very hard to come up with your code to any problem. Therefore, the use of a library and its choice is imperative provision before you start the project. However, there are many different libraries having different quirks and rigs in different languages, even in multiple languages so that choice is not very straight forward as it seems.

Before you start, I strongly recommend you to experiment the library of your interest so as not to say " Ohh Buda!" at the end. For being a simple guide, I will point some possible libraries and signify some of them as my choices with the reason behind.

Continue reading Some Useful Machine Learning Libraries.

Passing multiple arguments for Python multiprocessing.pool

Python is a very bright language that is used by variety of users and mitigates many of pain.

One of the core functionality of Python that I frequently use is multiprocessing module. It is very efficient way of distribute your computation  embarrassingly.

If you read about the module and got used, at some point you will realize, there is no way proposed to pass multiple arguments to parallelized function. Now, I will present a way to achieve in a very Pythonized way.

For our instance, we have two lists with same number of arguments but they need to be fed into the function which is pooling.

Here we have self cover code:

Fundamental Sort Algorithms in Python

As a rusty researcher at coding, I spend some to revise my algorithm knowledge. At some part, I coded basic sorting algorithms in Python as  a good and concise practice (even the result is not very efficient as C or C++). However you would like to check the code and clean up your memory or edit the code in some efficient manner. Continue reading Fundamental Sort Algorithms in Python

Project Euler - Problem 14

Here is one again a very intricate problem from Project Euler. It has no solution sheet as oppose to the other problems at the site. Therefore there is no consensus on the best solution.

Below is the problem: (I really suggest you to observe some of the example sequences. It has really interesting behaviours. 🙂 )

The following iterative sequence is defined for the set of positive integers:

n → n/2 (n is even)
n → 3n + 1 (n is odd)

Using the rule above and starting with 13, we generate the following sequence: Continue reading Project Euler - Problem 14

Project Euler - Problem 13

Here we have another qualified problem from Project Euler. You might want to work out the problem before see my solution.

The basic idea of my solution is to not use all the digits of the given numbers, instead extract the part of the each number that is necessary to sum up to conclude the first 10 digits of the result. I try to explain my approach at the top of the source code with my lacking MATH english. If you have any problem for that part please leave me a comment. Continue reading Project Euler - Problem 13

Project Euler - Problem 12

As a 2 years researcher, I feel a bit rusty to code.  I search a good set of execises to hone my abilities again and I stumbled upon Project Euler. This site hosts increasing number of very well formed algorithmic problems and discussions. It ranges very basic problems to very high level ones, requiring profound knowledge and practice.

After that intro. I want to introduce one of the example question from Project Euler. NOTE THAT, IF YOU ALREADY KNOW THE SITE AND YOU TRY TO SOLVE THAT PROBLEM, DO NOT CHEAT YOURSELF.

Here is the problem statement we try to solve. Continue reading Project Euler - Problem 12

Two way python dictionary

Here there is a simple class implementation of Two way Dictionary that uses from native dictionary class of Python. The main idea of that kind of data structure to reach, but side of the data by using other side as the key. It is like bi-directional relation between items.

A dumb use case:

d = TwoWayDict()
d['erogol'] = 13
print d['erogol']
# outputs 13
print d[13]
# outputs erogol

Here is the class implementation. However, keep in mid that this class uses more x2 memory to keep the data with that functionality.

class TwoWayDict(dict):
    def __len__(self):
        return dict.__len__(self) / 2

    def __setitem__(self, key, value):
        dict.__setitem__(self, key, value)
        dict.__setitem__(self, value, key)

Hope this helps in some hinge 🙂